Nigeria – oil struggle escalates
Since Shell began drilling oil in Ogoniland in 1958, the people of Ogoniland have had pipelines built across their farmlands and in front of their homes, suffered endemic oil leaks from these very pipelines, been forced to live with the constant flaring of gas. This environmental assault has smothered land with oil, killed masses of fish and other aquatic life, and introduced devastating acid rain to the land of the Ogoni4. For the Ogoni, a people dependent upon farming and fishing, the poisoning of the land and water has had devastating economic and health consequences5. Shell claims to clean up its oil spills, but such “clean-ups” consist of techniques like burning the crude which results in a permanent layer of crusted oil meters thick and scooping oil into holes dug in surrounding earth (a temporary solution at best, with the oil flowing out of the hole during the Niger Delta’s frequent bouts of rain) 6.
LAGOS, Nigeria (CNN)
May 15, 2009
A Nigerian militant group tangling with government forces in the country’s southern oil-producing region declared “an all-out war” Friday after what it said was a deadly bombing raid on civilians.
The military, meanwhile, pressed ahead against the fighters, wresting control of a hijacked tanker and capturing a militant stronghold.
The developments are the latest in the escalating hostilities between the government and the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta, which demands that more of the country’s oil wealth be reinvested in the region instead of enriching those whom the militants consider corrupt politicians
In e-mail messages to reporters, the militant group said it sank six army gunboats, destroyed three others and captured three in the restive Niger Delta region.
“Many soldiers have been killed, and the military has made a hasty retreat,” said the group, which is calling on “men of fighting age to enlist” in its battle against government forces.
Also, the group said, it had captured personnel from a Nigerian warship deployed from Liberia to help the military and was “in the process” of torching the vessel.
“We have some casualties on our side, obviously,” a militant spokesman said. “Obviously, the battle is more serious as night comes.”
Col. Rabe Abubakar, spokesman for the Nigerian military’s joint task force, confirmed exchanges of fire between government forces and militants and reported the seizure of a militant camp, saying one soldier was wounded and the militants “suffered a lot of casualties.”
The troops are conducting cordon-and-search operations designed to nab militants in their suspected hideouts along the southern region’s creeks.
Abubakar said that the military conducted a successful “rescue” mission of a recently hijacked oil condensate tanker, and that the captain and the crew, some foreign, were safe.
The militant group said Nigerian troops fired stray bullets that killed a Filipino “hostage” on the ship in Delta state, but the Nigerian military couldn’t confirm the killing of a “foreign hostage.”
The violence, which has included attacks on pipelines and hostage-taking, has limited shipment of crude oil supplies out of Nigeria.
The militant group said Friday the country’s armed forces conducted “indiscriminate aerial bombardment on the defenseless civilians in the Gbaramatu area of Delta state.” It said the strikes were punishment “for the humiliating defeat” of the army in raids on two militant camps Wednesday.
“Casualties are mostly women, children and the elderly who could not get away quickly into the bush or high sea,” the militant group said.
It also repeated its “directive” for oil companies in the region to “evacuate by the deadline of midnight today and cease oil production until further notice.”
The military made reference to the directive, saying it is responding to attacks on troops, hijackings of vessels and threats to innocent people, such as the “expatriates who were given ultimatum to leave the region by the militants.” It characterized the various claims by the militants as “propaganda.”
“We are not at war with any individuals or groups in the region,” Abubakar said. “Ours is to protect lives and property and also to rid the region of criminals who hide under the guise of struggle agenda to perpetrate crime.”